In the past four years, the amount of money administered by South Dakota trust companies has tripled to $121 billion, almost all of it from out of state, according to the state’s Division of Banking.
Some states may have better trust laws when it comes to creating “dynasty trusts.” Knowing the differences between dynasty trust-friendly states can make all the difference if you want to engage in dynasty trust planning for your estate. Believe it or not, sleepy South Dakota is right up there amongst the best dynasty trust jurisdictions. Even if you are not a South Dakotan, did you know that trusts, like businesses, can be set up across state lines with a bit of structuring?
South Dakota has been slowly and quietly building itself up as a trust haven over the years. Those efforts have not gone unnoticed and the secret is out. To learn more about this success story, turn to a recent article in Businessweek titled “South Dakota, Little Tax Haven on the Prairie.”
Not all trusts operate by the same laws because each state has its very own set of trust laws, for a variety of reasons. The South Dakota trust laws are special. Unlike the majority of states, South Dakota does not impose a limit to the duration of a trust. Utah’s “dynasty Trust” is limited to a period of 1,000 years. Most other state trust laws limit the lifetime of a trust to the lifetime of a living heir plus a period of 21 years. Translation: under the trust laws of most states a well-formed and well-funded trust can allow one generation to help the one immediately below and also leave a bit extra for the second generation (grandparent to parent to grandchild), escaping estate taxation on that amount of those two transfers.
Take away the duration limit and you are not just talking about two transfers, but an intergenerational wealth transfer boon to the family. Instead, you are talking about a true dynastic transfer of wealth, potentially escaping the estate tax at every successive transfer. That is the power a “dynasty trust” provides.
In the end, it may be well worth your time to learn more about the Utah dynasty trust and, perhaps, about South Dakota as a place for settling your family trust (there are a few more advantages to the state).
Before you leap onto a dynasty trust bandwagon, however, carefully consider what you need your trust to accomplish and then investigate whether a state outside your own may be required. States differ, trusts can do different things, and your family is unique. Plan accordingly.
Reference: Bloomberg Businessweek (January 9, 2014) “South Dakota, Little Tax Haven on the Prairie”